Carribean Trips

List of Caribbean Islands

List of Caribbean Islands Quick Fact Sheet

Anguilla

  • Capital: The Valley
  • Official language: English
  • Political status: British oversea territory
  • Population: 13,500
  • Location: Leeward Islands/Lesser Antilles
  • Size: 91km²
  • Head of Government: Chief Minister
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General
  • Climate: cool and arid, tropical weather
  • Airport: Anguilla Wallblake Airport (International Airport)
  • Cays: Anguillita, Prickly Pear, Sombrero, Dog Island, Scrub Island, Seal Island

Antigua and Barbuda

  • Capital: St. John’s
  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent twin-island nation, with dependency-
  • Redonda
  • Population: 68,000
  • Location: central Leeward Islands/Lesser Antilles
  • Size: 108m²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General
  • Climate: dry, tropical weather
  • Airport: VC Bird International Airport, Codrington Airport (Barbuda), Coco
  • Point Lodge Airstrip (private)
  • Cays: Green Island, Maiden Island, Great Bird, Long Island, York Island, Guinea Island, Crump Island

    Barbados

  • Capital: Bridgetown

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 275, 338
  • Location: East of Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
  • Size: 431km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General
  • Climate: dry, tropical weather
  • Airport: Grantley Adams International Airport, Bridgetown Heliport

    Belize

  • Capital: Belize City

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 320,000 (2008 figures)
  • Location: Central America, bordered by Mexico and Guatemala to north and southwest respectively
  • Size: 422,960 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General
  • Climate: tropical weather with marked dry and wet seasons
  • Airports: Belize City Municipal Airport, Belize City International Airport
  • Cays: Ambergris Cay, Cay Caulker, Glover’s Reef, Lighthouse Reef, Tobacco
  • Cay, St. George’s Cay, South Water Cay, Turneffe Islands

    Bermuda

  • Capital: Hamilton

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: British overseas territory
  • Population: 320,000 (2008 figures)
  • Location: North Atlantic Ocean, east coast of U.S.
  • Size: total area of 53.3 km²
  • Head of Government: Premier
  • Executive Power: Elizabeth II, represented by General
  • Climate: humid, subtropical
  • Airport: L.F. Wade International Airport
  • Cays: Total about 138

    Bonaire (Island Territory of Bonaire)

  • Capital: Kralendijk

  • Official languages: Dutch, Papiamentu, English
  • Political status: Special Municipality of the Netherlands (as of October 10, 2010)
  • Population: 14,006 (2006 figures)
  • Location: Netherland Antilles/southern Lesser Antilles
  • Size: 288 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Executive Power: Governor
  • Climate: tropical weather with marked dry and wet seasons
  • Airports: Flamingo International Airport
  • Cays: Lac Cay

    British Virgin Islands (Tortola, Anegada, Jost Van Dyke, Virgin Gorda)

  • Capital: Road Town (Tortola)

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: British overseas territory
  • Population: 22,000
  • Location: Northern Caribbean, Virgin Islands archipelago east of Puerto Rico
  • Size: 12 miles long 3 miles wide (Tortola, largest island)
  • Head of Cabinet: Premier
  • Head of Executive: Elizabeth II, represented by General
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Terrence B. Lettsome International Airport, Auguste George Airport, Virgin Gorda Airport, North Sound Water Aerodrome
  • Cays: Total of about 50 cays

Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, Cayman Brac)

  • Capital: Hamilton
  • Official language: English
  • Political status: British overseas territory
  • Population: 52,000 (2006 figures)
  • Location: Western Caribbean Sea, northwest and south of Jamaica and Cuba respectively
  • Size: 197 km²
  • Head of Cabinet: Premier
  • Head of Executive: Elizabeth II, represented by General
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Owen Roberts International Airport, Gerrard Smith International Airport, Edward Bodden Airfield

    Commonwealth of the Bahamas

  • Capital: Nassau

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 330,000
  • Location: Atlantic Ocean, northeastern Caribbean
  • Size: total area of 14,000 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Executive Power: Elizabeth II, represented by General
  • Climate: humid, subtropical
  • Airport: L.F. Wade International Airport
  • Cays: Total about 700 cays, and 2,400 islets, 29 islands

    Commonwealth of Dominica

  • Capital: Roseau

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 70,000
  • Location: Central Windward Islands, Lesser Antilles
  • Size: 754 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Melville Hall Airport, Canefield Airport

    Cuba

  • Capital: Havana

  • Official language: Spanish
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 12,000,000
  • Location: south of Bahamas, with Mexico to west, Jamaica to south
  • Size: total area 110,982 km²
  • Head of Government: President
  • Head of State: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Jose Marti International Airport, Ciudad Libertad Airport, plus about 45 more airports distributed over the island in most of the provinces
  • Cays: Isla de la Juventud, Cayo Coco, Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Santa Maria, Cayo Caibarien, Cayo Levisa, Cayo Largo

    Curaçao

  • Capital: Willemstad

  • Official language: Dutch English
  • Political status: Special Municipality of the Netherlands (as of October 10, 2010)
  • Population: 141,766
  • Location: Central Windward Islands, Lesser Antilles
  • Size: total area of 444 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Hato International Airport/Curaçao International Airport

    Dominican Republic

  • Capital: Roseau

  • Official language: Spanish
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 10 million
  • Location: Greater Antilles, Central Windward Islands, Lesser Antilles
  • Size: total area of 48, 442 km²
  • Head of Government: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Maria Montez International Airport, La Romana International Airport, Gregorio Luperon International Airport, Punta Cana International Airport, Arroyo Barril International Airport, Semana El catey International Airport, Cibao International Airport, La Isabella International Airport, The Americas –JFPG International Airport

    Grenada

  • Capital: St. George’s

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 70,000
  • Location: Windward Islands, Lesser Antilles
  • Size: 344 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor-General
  • Climate: Tropical
  • Airport: Maurice Bishop International Airport The Grenadines: Carriacou, Petit Martinique, Ronde Island, Saline Island, Diamond Island, Caille Island, Frigate Island, Large Island

    Guadeloupe

  • Capital: Pointe-à-Pitre

  • Official language: French
  • Political status: French Overseas Department
  • Population: 70,000
  • Location: north of Dominica, south of Antigua, Lesser Antilles
  • Size: total area of 1,628 km²
  • Head of Government: President of France
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Pointe-à-Pitre Le Raizet Airport/Pointe-à-Pitre International Airport

    Guyana

  • Capital: Georgetown

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 770,000
  • Location: South America
  • Size: total area of 215,000 km²
  • Head of Government: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Main Airport: Cheddi Jagan International Airport

    Haiti

  • Capital: Port-au-Prince

  • Official language: Haitian Creole/French
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 9, 035, 536
  • Location: Greater Antilles
  • Size: total area of 27,750 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Toussaint Louverture International Airport, Jacmel Airport, Jérémie Airport, Cap-Haïtien International Airport, (plus five additional airports)

    Jamaica

  • Capital: Kingston

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 2, 825, 928
  • Location: Greater Antilles
  • Size: total area of 11,000 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airports: Norman Manley International Airport, Sangster Airport (plus an additional 12 operational airstrip and airports)

    Martinique

  • Capital: Fort-de-France

  • Official language: French
  • Political status: French Overseas Department
  • Population: 402,000
  • Location: Central Windward Islands, Lesser Antilles
  • Size: total area of 1,128 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister of France
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Aimé Césaire International Airport

    Montserrat

  • Capital: Plymouth/ Brades (currently)

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: British overseas territory
  • Population: 4, 655
  • Location: Lesser Antilles
  • Size: total area of 754 km²
  • Head of Government: Chief Minister
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: John A. Osborne Airport (Gerald’s Airport)

    Puerto Rico

  • Capital: San Juan

  • Official language: Spanish
  • Political status: Associated Free State of Puerto Rico
  • Population: 3, 994, 259
  • Location: Greater Antilles, near the Dominican Republic
  • Size: total area of 9,104km²
  • Head of Government: President of the United States of America
  • Local Government: Governor
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport, Luis Munoz Marin International Airport, Mercedita International Airport (plus an additional 24 operational airstrips and smaller airports)
  • Cays: Vieques, Culebra, Mona

    Saba

  • Capital: The Bottom

  • Official language: Dutch
  • Political status: Special Municipality of the Netherlands
  • Population: 1,424 (2001 estimates)
  • Location: Dutch Antilles
  • Size: total area of 13 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport

    St. Kitts and Nevis

  • Capital: Basseterre

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 42, 696
  • Location: Lesser Antilles
  • Size: total area of 261km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Robert L. Bradshaw International Airport

    St. Lucia

  • Capital: Castries

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 173,765
  • Location: Windward Islands, North of Martinique
  • Size: total area of 298 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Hewanorra International Airport, George Charles (Vigie) Airport

    St. Martin

  • Capital: Marigot (French side), Phillipsburg (Dutch side)

  • Official languages: French/Dutch
  • Political status: Divided into Sint Maarten (Special Municipality of the
  • Netherlands) and Saint Martin (French Overseas Department)
  • Population: 74, 852
  • Location: Windward Islands
  • Size: total area of 87 km²
  • Head of Government: President of France/The Netherlands for respective sides
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Princess Juliana International Airport

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines

  • Capital: Kingstown

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 120,000
  • Location: Windward Islands
  • Size: total area of 389 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor-General
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: E.T. Joshua Airport, J.F. Mitchell Airport (Bequia), Canouan Airport (Canouan), Mustique Airport (Mustique), Union Island Airport (Union Island)
  • Smaller islands: The Grenadines: Bequia, Canouan, Mustique, Union Island, Mustique

    Trinidad and Tobago

  • Capital: Port of Spain

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Independent
  • Population: 1,299,953
  • Location: southern Windward Islands
  • Size: total area of 5,128 km²
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister
  • Head of State: President
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Piarco International Airport (Trinidad), Crow Point International Airport (Tobago)

    Turks and Caicos

  • Capital: Cockburn Town

  • Official language: English
  • Political status: British overseas territory
  • Population: 22, 942 (2009 estimates)
  • Location: northern Caribbean
  • Size: total area of 430 km²
  • Head of Government: Queen Elizabeth II
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Providenciales International Airport, JAGS Mc Cartney International Airport, Harold Charles International Airport, Pine Cay Airport, Salt Cay Airport, South Caicos Airport, Middle Caicos Airport
  • Islands: Ambergris Cay, Providenciales, Salt Cay, Grand Turk Island, Middle Caicos, South Caicos, North Caicos, Pine Cay

United States Virgin Islands

  • Capital: Charlotte Amalie
  • Official language: English
  • Political status: Organized, unincorporated United States territory
  • Population: 108,448 (2007 estimates)
  • Location: northern Caribbean
  • Size: total area of 346.36 km²
  • Head of Government: President of the United States of America
  • Climate: tropical
  • Airport: Cyril E. King Airport, Henry E. Rohlsen Islands: St. Thomas, St. Croix, St. John